, no place of worship and no clergyman-or equivalent in other religions- will be forced through legal action in the courts or in the european community to carry out weddings against their wishes? >> the right honorable gentleman pre-empts some of the later parts of my contribution. i can tell him that we have taken seriously all the points that he has raised about the need for protection. he will see how we have put those measures in the bill in some detail. >> is my right honorable friend aware of the letter that was written to honorable members by lord carey of clifton on the issue of equality between same- sex and different-sex couples? in it, he talks about, "the failure of the government to address the important issues of consummation and adultery. while these concepts will continue to remain important aspects of heterosexual marriage, they will not apply to homosexual marriage. on the one hand, this does nothing to promote the ideal that marriage is both equal and should be a lifelong union." >> my honorable friend will know that there is already no legal requirement for consummation.